It is now possible, at no extra cost, khổng lồ embed accessible math equations within Microsoft Office (Word, PowerPoint, Excel), Google Docs, Mac Office Software (Pages, Key Note), và D2L using MathType add-in. Creating equations using MathType, puts them into the accessible format MathML that can render directly in web browsers. When equations are in MathML they can be read correctly by a screen reader such as Jaws, Read Aloud, and Voice Over. The equations can also then be converted to Nemeth Braille on a Braille Display that is typically connected lớn the computer via USB or Bluetooth.

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## What is Accessible Math?

Accessible math is a format with the following characteristics & benefits:

The math is visible in a notation that a computer generates from fonts in its character set. It is not an image file. Unfortunately, many current applications use image files for displaying equations. While it is possible to địa chỉ "Alt text" khổng lồ these images, this does not provide access lớn manipulate, edit or solve it.A screen reader can read the equation và sequence through it character by character.A Braille display can present it in standard Nemeth or UEB Braille.The user can independently edit và solve it.The user can create math in the same format. At girbakalim.net, this will enable students to lớn give their work back lớn the professor.The math is searchable. This enables users to lớn navigate documents and find the equations or parts of equations needed. This will also enable researchers to find equations online.Artificial Intelligence will have access to lớn the math which will enable unlimited ways for users lớn learn và use these equations.## What is MathML?

**MathML** (Mathematical Markup Language) is an industry standard adopted by the W3C as the approved way of expressing math on the web. MathML is a markup language written in XML syntax. It describes structure and content of mathematical notation.

Using MathML provides the highest cấp độ of accessibility khổng lồ math within digital documents. MathML equations will, for instance, increase in kích thước as users change font form size to increase readability. MathML also allows the synthetic speech user to set different verbosity levels, automatically adjusts for the user"s native language, and supports aural navigation through complex math equations for better understanding. For Braille users, MathML supports various Braille math formats, subject to Braille translation software support. Https://www.washington.edu/doit/what-mathml

The RCPD has been using MathML in XML or XHTML documents for several years to make accessible math for our students with disabilities. MathML is a universal format for math that is easily convertible into visible, audible, tactile & machine-readable forms.

## Guides to lớn Using MathType

### Using MathType in Microsoft Word for Windows 10 computers

MathType is currently a không tính phí add-in that can be utilized in Microsoft Word, Excel, & PowerPoint. While MS Word provides some math creation tools built in, MathType is the preferred method as it offers greater accessibility.

To install MathType go lớn the Insert tab in Word & select Get Add-ins in the Add-ins group.

Type MathType into the tìm kiếm box and select the địa chỉ cửa hàng button

Once installed this MathType option will appear in your Insert menu. You can select it & enter math equations in a floating dialog box with many symbols and typed text or by handwriting equations.

### Using MathType for Microsoft Word for Mac

To install MathType go to lớn Insert tab, Add-ins, Store...,

then search for MathType add-in in the tìm kiếm box.

To insert an equation using MathType go lớn insert tab & select Math icon to xuất hiện MathType Window. You can then type the equation or handwrite it.

### Using MathType in Pages for Mac

Select MathType as preferred equation editor by going to Pages menu, preferences, then in Equation preferences selecting to use MathType.

To insert an equation, go to insert. Equations, then type equation in dialog box that appears. When finished close box, & equation will appear in Pages’ document.

### Using MathType in D2L

Use MathType when inserting math equations in D2L. When creating nội dung hit the "Show All Components" button. Then in the drop-down equation menu, select Graphical equation. A MathType window will then appear khổng lồ type or handwrite the equation.

Also see the Mathematical Expressions và MathML in D2L Tutorial.

### Additional Help

More information about how lớn use MathType is found at the following link, https://docs.wiris.com/en/mathtype/start.

## Creating Equations with LaTeX Input

LaTeX is a math markup language familiar khổng lồ many in the science and math community, but unfortunately is **not currently supported by screen reader technology.** You can use the LaTeX input in MS Word to embed MathM as follows.

Use the hot key (Alt + =) or select the equation editor from the Insert ribbon menu...,

then select LaTeX input

You can now enter LaTeX such as "fracddxleft(int_0^x f(u),du ight)=f(x)" và it will convert khổng lồ an accessible equation: ddx∫0xfu du=fx

Using this newly available process for creating math in your handouts will enable many students with disabilities to lớn access homework independently. It also saves many hours for RCPD staff who currently rewrite every equation for them.

## MathML Rendering in website Browsers

Getting MathML lớn render in web browsers is very complicated. However, many popular browsers have MathML tư vấn built-in. For example, Firefox & Safari have MathML tư vấn built-in.

Internet Explorer doesn"t have support for MathML built-in, but can use the Math Player plugin from kiến thiết Science lớn enable support. Unfortunately, MathML is not supported in Microsoft Edge & Chrome. Using MathJax is an option that should make embedded MathML display correctly in browsers that tư vấn CSS2.1. D2L automatically uses MathJax.

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## Conclusion

The girbakalim.net "Enhancing the Accessibility of Mathematics và Symbolic Content" project is currently developing a tool lớn easily embed MathML in online XHTML documents và web pages. This is the ultimate and universal kiến thiết way khổng lồ experience math with many potential learning enhancements. Http://www.girbakalim.netmathonline.com/.